On 05-02-2013

Apart from elastomers basic mechanical characteristics (tensile strength, breaking resistance extension..), measuring tearing resistance is often very useful for rubber users as well as for rubber developpers.
In fact, a rubber part can be exposed to severe stresses during its use. In that case, even if resistance characteristics to pressure or to repeated efforts are sufficient, mounting conditions (electrical contact blades insertion) or environment (like stone or chips projections) can be very hard and therefore demanding for a high rubber tearing resistance.
Also, during its production, a rubber part can be submitted to high tearing risks, this being already obvious during the demoulding operation.
Rubber tearing resistance is measured on a rubber test sample (test specimen) (with a 2 mm thickness) with a dynometer. Traction speed is 500 mm per minute, and tearing value is measured in kg/cm or in Mg/m.
There are several types of rubber test samples (test specimen), from which 2 types are more commonly used; NFT 46-007 norm describes the test sample shape : angle shaped and curved shaped test samples.
The angle shaped test sample has the advantage, with its curved 90° angle, to have a fragile zone inside of the angle. This test sample is punched out in a rubber sheet.


The curved shaped test sample is also punched out, but a 1 mm notch is made with a cutting tool in the middle of the curve to create a fragile (critical) zone. This notch makes this test more severe than with an angle shaped test sample.
notch ↓

We use the angle shaped test sample type in our laboratory. We make these tests when we qualify our mixtures and materials, when we compare them with our customers technical specifications, and when we check our products quality.
Rubber tearing resistance is generally very good with natural rubber, polyurethane, and with some polychloroprene. These materials have no reinforcement charges and have outstanding mechanical properties. For other rubbers, additives can be used to ensure approaching or similar mechanical properties.
Some values to fix above mentionned :
“Natural rubber” or polychloroprène rubber : from 30kg to 55 kg /cm
Silicones : from 10kg to 30 kg /cm

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